Linking indexing data structures to de Bruijn graphs: Construction and update

Abstract

DNA sequencing technologies have tremendously increased their throughput, and hence complicated DNA assembly. Numerous assembly programs use de Bruijn graphs (dBG) built from short reads to merge these into contigs, which represent putative DNA segments. In a dBG of order k, nodes are substrings of length k of reads (or k-mers), while arcs are their k+1-mers. As analysing reads often require to index all their substrings, it is interesting to exhibit algorithms that directly build a dBG from a pre-existing index, and especially a contracted dBG, where non-branching paths are condensed into single nodes. Here, we exhibit linear time algorithms for constructing the full or contracted dBGs from suffix trees, suffix arrays, and truncated suffix trees. With the latter the construction uses a space that is linear in the size of the dBG. Finally, we also provide algorithms to dynamically update the order of the graph without reconstructing it.

Publication
Journal of Computer and System Sciences
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Bastien Cazaux
postdoctoral fellow, former PhD and master student

Trained in mathematics and computer science.